The Equality Act (2010) places a duty on public authorities to eliminate discrimination and harassment, to advance equality of opportunity and to foster good relations between people from different backgrounds. DCSF guidance on Community Cohesion (2007) recommends that schools should teach children to explore their identity and their possible contribution to the local, national and global community. Many schools are serving diverse and increasingly mobile communities. Many children will have increasing opportunities, within school and in the local community, to develop positive relationships and friendships with others from a range of different lifestyles and backgrounds. Schools who serve less diverse communities must also enable children to explore cultural diversity in preparation for future life and experiences.
As part of the requirement for schools to provide Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development, they have to demonstrate how they promote British Values and address life in modern Britain. Teaching about identity and diversity is a primary vehicle for activities which address respect for others, tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions, discrimination, contributing to their locality and to society.